We all know EVs have fewer moving parts than their engine-powered counterparts. There are no engines to maintain, no belts to check, no oil to change and the list goes on. As you might imagine, having fewer mechanicals to check and maintain makes running EVs significantly cheaper, and the U.S. Office Of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy has recently given us insight into just how much cheaper electrics can be as part of a look at the government’s own vehicle fleet. They shared the maintenance Cost breakdown Of An Electric Vehicle to an internal combusting engine.
According to the office, the Maintenance cost of internal-combustion-engine-powered (ICE) vehicles cost $0.101 per mile. Hybrid vehicles and plug-in hybrids are cheaper to run, but only slightly, ringing in at $0.094 and $0.09 per mile to run. Full battery electric vehicles, on the other hand, are much, much less expensive to run and maintain, coming in at just $0.061 per mile.
At $0.101 per mile, ICE-powered government vehicles of the US travelling the 1,958,202,121 miles last year would have cost $197,778,414 to maintain. Over the same mileage but at $0.061 per mile, the dollar figure comes out to $119,450,329—meaning a hypothetical full-electric government fleet would have saved the US government just over $78 million in maintenance costs.
So, using the 1000 miles base distance hypothesis, an EV would spend $61 or Ghc 366 in maintenance for the 1000 miles while an internal combusting engine will spend $101 or Ghc 606 for maintenance for 1000 miles.
Electric cars aren’t exactly maintenance-free so let’s look at the top five electric car maintenance needs and things that could lead to repair.
- Tire rotation.
it’s common to all cars but on EVs, it remains important if not more so because they swap out their heavy transmission engines for a heavy battery putting a lot of load on tires. Also, EVs have killer torque able to twist those tires hard. Tesla says rotate model 3 tires every 6,250 miles, Chevy bolt every 7,500 miles. Just remember you will still change your tires in your internal combustion engine car.
- Braking system on your car.
Not the pads but the fluid that puts pressure on the pads to the rotors. This is key because if they get stagnant, polluted it doesn’t work right. Though Electric Cars do their breaking by regeneration, the electromagnetic resistance puts the power back in the battery, but not all the time depending on how you drive and where.
This is going to be a system that you use quite a bit and you don’t want to be crapped out when you need it. All cars need brake fluid and EVs do as well. On a model 3 every two years or 25k miles and a Chevy bolt it’s every five years. These are also changed in fuel vehicles as well.
- The coolant in your electric car.
Though there’s no engine, there’s a cooling system that keeps everything under the hood cool. The Model 3 needs its cooler to be replaced every four years or 50k miles a Nissan leaf though goes 125K miles and a Chevy bolt even longer 150k Miles. You will still change the coolant in your internal combustion engine car and it might be changed more regularly than the EV.
- Break Service
Now we are talking pads and rotors The friction of parts which are much more long-lived on an EV than a combustion car because most of your braking as we mentioned is done by the drag of regeneration when you lift off the accelerator but it’s going to be based on how many miles you drive, what style are you drive, what terrain you drive in and over and what region settings you like to select on your EV. Sames thing will be done on your internal combustion engine vehicle.
I can’t give you the number of miles or number of months before you can get the brakes done.
The number one maintenance side of your EV is the motive power battery. This is the heart of your car’s range and therefore its livability as well as your car residual value whether you’re leasing or buying it.
This is the heart of the beast, take care of it like you used to take care of an engine in your regular combustion car. EV batteries can suffer when sitting too long and overly hot or cold temperatures just being parked. A Chevy Volt, for example, wants to be plugged in below 32 or above 90. Well, You will have to change your car battery in your internal combustion engine but that cost less than the EV.
So technically, all maintenance cost associated with the EV is also associated with the internal combustion engine except they are much smaller and will not be done regularly as in your fuel driven car.